Precautions for the most popular projects

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Precautions for blasting engineering

in order to standardize the management of blasting procedures in road construction, enhance the safety awareness of managers and constructors, and ensure the safe and smooth progress of blasting construction, the following preventive measures are proposed: the annual tax payment is about 100million yuan

1. Apply for

before each blasting team receives blasting equipment, it is necessary to make statistics on the blast holes loaded on the day, and report the accurate amount of explosives, detonators and other blasting materials, The application can be submitted only after verification

2. Receiving

blasting materials must be signed by the head of the team, the blaster and the materialman. After being approved by the blasting office, the blaster of the team can receive them in person Loading and unloading personnel entering the warehouse are strictly prohibited from carrying kindling, ignition sources, inflammable, explosive and live goods. If any, the carrier must be handed over to the guard for temporary custody Blasting equipment shall be handled with care during loading, unloading and handling. It is not allowed to open the package at will, and it is strictly forbidden to throw, drag or step on it The packing box shall not be placed upside down or on the side

3. Transportation

overcomes their basic shortcomings. In the process of transportation, drivers and passengers are not allowed to carry kindling, ignition sources, inflammable, explosive and charged objects, and smoking is strictly prohibited to ensure the safety of explosives in the process of transportation Transport vehicles must be escorted by the safety officer of the blasting office and the blaster of the team. Vehicles are strictly forbidden to stop halfway without reason. Blasting products must be immediately sent to the construction site and stacked neatly Explosives shall not be unloaded to the living quarters of workers and places endangering the personal safety of workers Detonators, explosives and fuses must be loaded and transported separately after the explosives are delivered from the warehouse. Mixed loading is strictly prohibited

4. Return procedure

if there is any remaining blasting products received by each blasting team on the same day, they must be returned to the warehouse on the same day. If there is a blasting team that violates this regulation, the blasting office will not only order it to stop work, but also impose a financial fine on the team And the remaining amount of explosives and detonators on that day shall not exceed 10% of the amount received on that day, otherwise the team will be fined 100 yuan

blasting materials shall be escorted by the blaster of the team when returning to the warehouse. No kindling, ignition source, inflammable, explosive and live goods are allowed to enter the warehouse area. Smoking is strictly prohibited. It is strictly prohibited to return the processed detonators or unpacked explosives (referring to the destruction of the wax sealing paper cylinder of box explosives) If there are processed detonators, they should be removed or destroyed under the supervision of the safety officer of the blasting office before being returned to the warehouse

5. If it is found that there are privately purchased, privately stored, privately used and explosives intercepted in the middle, the team shall be required to stop work immediately and be fined more than 5000 yuan. At the same time, it shall be reported to the public security organ and the party concerned shall be arrested immediately

6. Safety monitoring

a. as the main person in charge of safety management on the project, the project manager shall issue a technically feasible scheme for the project to be blasted by the engineering technology department Before blasting, necessary safety disclosure work shall be carried out for blasting personnel. When blasting is carried out, the blasting professional safety officer must supervise and guide on site

b. The charging wiring must be operated by the designated staff, and other irrelevant people must be cleared out of the site. If it is improperly handled, the on-site supervisor has the right to require it to stop work

c. Blasting materials shall be strictly inspected by the quality inspection department and the machine and material department before being delivered out of the warehouse, and can be delivered out of the warehouse only after being approved

d. Report to the supervising engineer after the blasting preparation is completed Blasting can be carried out only after being approved

e. before blasting, the blasting team shall set up a safety warning area, which shall be guarded by a specially assigned person. It is strictly forbidden for idle people and vehicles to enter If the warning setting is improper, the blasting office has the right to order it to stop work

f. The specific blasting shall be operated by the blaster himself. The blaster must hold the blasting certificate approved by the public security organ

g. If the explosives loaded on that day fail to detonate due to technical reasons or miscalculation, many people must be sent to guard the site strictly at night to prevent the loss of explosives

in the process of safety supervision, supervisors should have three changes in Ideology: from supervising and inspecting the construction site to urging enterprises to establish a new type of safe recycled plastic granulator, which is constantly optimized and updated to ensure that all machines can not operate normally; From simply focusing on the management of construction units to the supervision and management of the safety behavior of all parties involved in the construction; From ordinary supervision and inspection to monitoring and inspection of important parts and links of the project, we should pay close attention to weak links, carry out special treatment, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties involved in construction, and work together to improve the effect of safety supervision. Strengthen supervision, strictly control, and be meticulous, ruthless, accurate and practical. Supervisors should have a high sense of work, strengthen safety supervision, strictly check, and ensure that everything has standards and inspection basis. Strengthen the combination of patrol inspection and follow-up inspection, change the post inspection into prevention in advance, and control in the process. Take the result as the factor, implement the principle of prevention first, and implement the prevention and control of the whole process. In particular, the "accident risk points" shall be monitored to eliminate the hidden dangers of safety accidents at the construction site, eliminate the hidden dangers of safety accidents in the bud, and fundamentally reduce the probability of casualty accidents. Supervision should be carried out in four words: meticulous, ruthless, accurate and practical. Details: carefully inspect the key parts and links of the construction site, and meticulously improve the quality of supervision and inspection; Ruthless: resolutely require rectification of the identified hidden dangers of accidents, and never be soft hearted; Accurate: in accordance with relevant national and local policies and regulations, aim at the potential accident hazards at the construction site, carefully investigate and strictly grasp them, and prevent them before they happen; Reality: check the safety data on the construction site to be true, complete and timely

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